Seeing as the chaps at DESIGN DESIGN are the people who are actually going to have to write the game designed by the winner of the GENESIS: BIRTH OF A GAME competition, it seemed only fair and sensible to ask a Design Design teamster to come up with some guidelines. Graham Stafford drew the short straw...


Designing a game can be a very complex task, and this piece can only give a rough outline of the task involved. Don’t take what I say as gospel, I’m just showing you one way of approaching the task. There are a number of things to bear in mind when tackling the problem. Don’t be narrow minded in your thoughts — just because it hasn’t been done doesn’t mean it can’t be done. Remember, across the whole spectrum of decisions you must make: a good original idea is usually much better than an old one.

Sorry, but there are two major restrictions to game design that apply when dealing with any computer: available memory size and speed (or, to put it in Des Des lingo, Space and Waft). Be realistic in your estimations of the memory required by your game. A brief ferret around the games currently available should give you some notion of the amount of memory you can allow yourself for sprite storage and map layouts. As for waft, sorry SPEED, the speed of a game is largely dependent on the amount of memory you have to wang about the place (oops! WANG: Des Desonian for ‘move’), as detection of collisions and such stuff doesn’t take up that much time. When I say moving memory this includes drawing sprites and/or lines, scrolling and all such activities.

Bear in mind that masking sprites uses up at least twice as much time, usually far more in the case of 3D games, and also the technique uses twice as much memory to store the pictures. Again, have a quick look at the games around at the moment to get some idea. Remember, try not to limit your horizons too much, but don’t go silly. There is no way on Earth you can move a pink banana half the size of the screen about without flicker, nor could it be done at any great speed on the likes of the Spectrum. The problem is not pink bananas, it’s BIG pink bananas that cause trouble.

Okay, now we know the restrictions within which we are working, I shall pontificate about the main decisions you will have to make.


By this I mean Arcade or Adventure. These are not as black and white as they used to be, but you must decide whether the game relies mainly on reflexes (arcade), or the old grey cells working overtime (adventure). A careful mix of both seems to be the most popular, especially if the adventure side of things is very subtle, tactics being the name of the game, not puzzles.

Way of the Exploding Fist is a good example of a game where tactics play an important part. At the other end of the grey scale, the Gargoyle (Hello Ted, Hi Greg !) Tir Na Nog type games are good examples of arcadish (very ‘ish’) games wot require much thinking about.

The game type is probably the first decision you will make, and will greatly influence the other decisions you have to get involved in during the design process.

Knight Lore screenshot

KNIGHT LORE — lots of masked sprites here, folks!


Big bit of jargon meaning ‘Wots it going to look like?’. A very important part of a game these days, some would say unfortunately big, so time spent here is worthwhile. You must decide whether to Sprite or not to Sprite, to Mask or not to Mask and finally to 3D or not to 3D. Of course there’s more to it than that, and things will be swayed by the rest of your game definition. Quite often it is the graphic technique used which determines the rest of the game. I mean, can you imagine trying to play Knight Lore without the ‘Filmation’ (really trendy name that!)


The graphic technique used can also vastly improve what would otherwise be a dull game. For example, take Highway Encounter, a favourite of mine for quite a while, and imagine it done without the 3D masking graphics. Seen from above the game would lose much of its appeal. To help you decide I shall outline the pros and cons of each system used so far:


FOR: Done Brattelesque they are very fast indeed.

AGAINST: Some say the representation of the objects is a bit vague. (I can’t because Simon would do something violent to me.)


FOR: Fast and can be reasonably pretty.

AGAINST: Difficult to gain perspective (may not apply), overlapping objects are usually messy.


FOR: By far the most realistic way of representing a solid object.

AGAINST: Usually slow compared to other forms of graphics.

Here are a few examples of games that incorporate the above type of graphics:

Without 3D, Vector
Can’t think of one!!!
Planar Sprite
Jetpac and millions of others.
Masked Sprite
Herbert’s Dummy Run
With 3D, Vector
Dark Star (GTE), Starstrike, Starion, Elite.
Planar Sprite
Tapper, Match Day.
Masked Sprite
Knight Lore series, Fairlight, Sweevo’s and Fatman (I’m sure Ocean think it’s called Batman)
Tapper screenshot

TAPPER — frantic action involving Planar Sprites

The Tir Na Nog series is an interesting example of combining a couple of graphic techniques. Remember, there are various ways to approach each of the above techniques and they are only given as guidelines, not rules.


Do you want text windows, possibly scrolling, icons (good one that, well in with reviewing types), pretty pictures and/or backdrops? In this category the memory, not the speed is the limiting factor. A decent sketch of the screen layout(s) is almost essential for the purposes of judging the competition and should form the basis of your entry.


The real killer! The plot can really make or break a game, as it is the bit that ties all the things your game does together. Included in the plot is the overall aim of the game, and all those strange and intricate puzzles (if you want them).

Things such as NOISES (never our strong point that, Simon doesn’t like them, and I object to spending more than an evening on them!) and the front-end are best left till last as they are time consuming and far less important than screen layouts and so on.

So there you have it. Noddy’s Guide to Game Design. All that remains now is to wish you luck and ask you to remember that the Z80 has only got 40 legs.
best wishes, Graham

Hello? Finished Graham? Yes? O.K. all want to say is good luck, and ask why I always end up typing Graham’s letters to CRASH into my Word-Pro!
Best wishes you lot, Psi

There’s a lot involved in getting people to take notice of your latest computer game. It takes more than a few advertisements in the computer magazines backed up by the odd poster for shopkeepers to put on display, as DOMARK have proved...


When it came to launching EUREKA, an adventure game, DOMARK dipped into their corporate pocket and came up with £25,000. Not £25,000 to spend on adverts, badges, stickers and the like, but £25,000 to put in a suitcase and give away to the first person to complete the game!

As you might imagine, twenty five thousand smackeroonies in a suitcase, just waiting to be picked up, caught the attention of the national press as well as the eye of computer magazine editors. On telly, News at Ten and Blue Peter, amongst other programmes, covered EUREKA and DOMARK actually took the loot — with a suitably burly security guard — along to the 1984 Personal Computer World Show for all to see.

In the end, a lad by the name of Matthew Woodley won the race to complete EUREKA, and was duly rewarded with a giant cheque.

With Bond, James Bond, as the star of a computer game, Domark had a real hot property with A VIEW TO A KILL. Using their power and influence with the makers of the film, Domark arranged for the game to be launched at Pinewood Studios and they showed the film to the assembled mass of Press People two weeks before the Royal Premiere.

Part of the evening’s entertainment was going to be the arrival of a helicopter, which was scheduled to land in pure Bond Style to deliver copies of the game. Sadly, the heavens opened and the whole studio complex disappeared under a deluge. The helicopter pilot decided that be was staying firmly on the ground!

One or two people got a little weeny bit cross about some of the publicity that surrounded the launch of FRIDAY 13th — as Lloyd will testify, the Forum pages saw quite a bit of action a few months ago on the FRIDAY 13th front.

Each cassette box of the game contained a couple of blood capsules in best joke shop tradition, and an audio quiz on the tape featured sound effects from the BBC archives and offered the chance to win a prize. The game was launched in the cellar of one of the oldest restaurants in London — The Olde Cheshire Cheese in Fleet Street. The atmosphere was distinctly eerie, as the cellar was decked out with cobwebs, bats and spiders for the occasion when suddenly...


Dominic Wheatley, Domark’s joint Managing Director bust through a solid doorway wearing a blue boiler suit and holding a meat cleaver. Eeek! went the assembled journalists. An occasion they remembered!

When they launched GLADIATOR, a combat game with a difference, the Domark team were scratching their heads a little for a suitable promotional idea. The game was set in Roman Times, back in the days when they chucked the odd Christian to the lions on a Saturday afternoon and Legionaries stumped around the place invading Europe and the like.

Not wishing to go over the top, and hire the entire cast from Ben Hur, Domark settled for some very tasteful presentation swords mode by Wilkinson Sword which they had specially engraved and gave away as competition prizes. Anyone who completes the game, and wins freedom for the slave who stars in the program, is entitled to a Certificate of Freedom, available by post...

Naturally, The Designer of the winning game will be invited along to all the launch events — quite what form they will take depends very much on the nature, scenario and title of the finished game. The Designer is also going to be asked to help come up with some fun ideas to promote the game — remember, the more copies it sells, the bigger the prizipoos to the winner!